Be formless. Shapeless. Like Water. - Bruce Lee
We humans have a predilection for seeking out answers. We form opinions based on a whole plethora of inputs, from information, cultural conditioning, the social outcome that might result from choosing to support a particular viewpoint. Where we err is in thinking that the viewpoint we've chosen to espouse is the correct one. The stronger the opinion, the more we attach our identities to an idea. Identity is everywhere. People struggle to figure out who they are, who they want to be. We often accept a certain persona to fit in with our chosen social group. It makes things easier for us. But we end up catching ourselves in a trap: we end up defending faulty viewpoints (with or without even realizing it) because we have attached our identities to it. Our social existence may force us into certain ideologies. Ultimately, we end up accepting inferior outcomes because of this, or because it suits a particular agenda, even if an opposing idea gets superior results. The key to overcoming this is to redirect our values away from the ego and identity and onto results, truth, reason, progress, etc.
Ideology is a specious way of relating to the world. It offers human beings the illusion of an identity, of dignity, and of morality while making it easier for them to part with them. - Vaclav Havel
We are often too weak to admit wrongness or defeat, because it is embarrassing. It hurts the ego, which is soft. We may be too prideful to allow someone else a victory, regardless of whether the outcome might be more beneficial on the whole. Some people would rather everyone fail than someone else get the credit. This is referred to as crab mentality.
To avoid this, we must take extra care to attach no loyalty to an idea, it doesn't serve you in anything other than making you feel good. Be unattached to the outcome of ideas presented, except that you want the idea that gets the best results. Two political parties will argue till the death about which idea is best. They want their own idea to be the winner so badly that they will sabotage the good of all, even if the other idea gets more results. Of course, we must use reason in order to determine which idea is optimal in any given situation. To do so, you must be open to opposing ideas, facts, and information.
You cannot kill an ideology with a bullet. You can only kill it with a better idea. - Queen Rania of Jordan
The idea with the best results ought to be the one you support. If all ideas are theoretical, and results are not available, try each idea and move forward with which one gets the best results. Constantly hone the process, moving ever forward, toward better and better results. This is a constant process, and it is how science is supposed to work. At any given moment, theoretically, we choose to accept the best possible explanation for something until a better one comes along. Loricism calls this process Semper Amplio. It means "always improve." This is basically kaizen for ideas. We cannot let our own ideas stagnate in the mire of ego.
The moment an idea becomes too solid, too rigid, is the moment it morphs into ideology, and there is no longer any room for improvement of it. Avoid this. You must embrace an ideology of no ideology. Even Loricism cannot be allowed to become an ideology. It must always be an ideology of no ideology.